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How to improve communication in relationships?

Communication is an integral part of a relationship. Without proper communication, you cannot understand what your partner wants from a relationship. Some relationships ended due to the lack of effective communication. Whatever may be your thoughts, opinions, wish; try to communicate them with your partner. Even though communication is hard work, it is the only key to a successful relationship. To improve communication, you should know how to present ideas and thoughts. In addition, you should also be a good listener. Let us discuss some points that help you to improve communication in your relationship.

Know what to say and mean them

Sometimes we communicate to our partner by hiding many feelings inside, expecting our partner to understand them without your explanation. But this is not a fair or effective method. They do not mind readers; if you wish to express something express it completely then just give them hints that this is the situation I am going through. Try to lay out your thoughts directly.

Never rush your communication. Try to speak slowly and make sure that they understand every bit of it. Never burst out everything in anger so that they feel confused. Also, make sure you use logical statements. When you become open and lay your thoughts directs you to avoid confusion and resentment.

Regularly use “I” and “me” statements

If you are in an argument, never start them by accusing your partner’s mistake. If you keep on making the “You” statement, there are chances that they won’t listen to your perspective. Instead of just revolving around your feelings, try to place yourself and understand your mistakes too. Make your partner feel less castigated and make the communication more productive. For instance, instead of directly telling them that “You are neglecting me these days”, try to frame that as “Nowadays I feel neglected”. This can help you sustain the relationship. But if you feel that your partner is toxic and you no more need them in your life, just follow your way.

Try to be calm when you communicate

Logically, even if it is not possible to maintain a calm situation if you and your partner are in the middle of a fight, the calmer you are it becomes easier for you to express your feelings. Try to practice breathing exercises so that you can control your emotions and begin a productive situation. Maintain a slow tone while talking.

Maintain a positive posture

If you are having a positive posture, it can help you in setting up a positive tone in your communication. While communicating, try to have eye contact and turn your body towards them. Try to make use of your hands while talking and try to have control over your movements. Never tie your hands because it can make your partner feel that you are done with discussions and closed off.

Make sure you explain your ideas with confidence

You don’t need business-style communication. Be comfortable with the topic you are going to present and speak it with confidence. Always keep a smile on your face and discuss the topic with confidence. Never be hesitant to ask questions and clear your doubts. When you speak with confidence, the chances of getting frazzled decrease.

Have a plan

Before you get into an argument, make sure you don’t jump into it abruptly and shoot your partners with their mistakes. Even if they did something wrong, try to communicate with a proper plan. Make a list of things in your mind which you want to communicate with them and do it calmly without losing your temper. If you have plans for making your partner feel bad about what they have done, then you should plan accordingly.

Before being offensive put yourself in their place

Before you go for an argument, make sure you think from their side too. There are possibilities that you may don’t know some things. Before judging them, understand why they are behaving in this way. In a situation where you are angry or upset, it is hard to analyze their situation, but still, try because it can help you resolve faster. When you place yourself in their shoes, you can validate their feelings and understand the struggles they are going through.

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Top class Chromebook antivirus softwares available in 2021 Uncategorized

Top class Chromebook antivirus softwares available in 2021

Modern day cyber-attacks are unpredictable and it can happen in anyway. So it has become mandatory for every user to have a strong and secure antivirus solution. The major advantage of today’s advanced security solutions are that they not only help you to block the malware before it causes damages to the system but also safeguards you from virus infection in the first place.

If you are a Chromebook user, you might get the thought that you don’t need any antivirus software but the fact is that even the most secured operating system/device is vulnerable to cyber-attacks. Chromebooks can be infected by spywares and trackers which is infected through compromised websites or from any of the downloads.

In this blog, we are going to discuss about some advanced antivirus softwares that can protect your Chromebook from all the upcoming threats.

Bitdefender Mobile Security

Why should you buy?

  • Get regular recommendations for your device
  • PIN protection facility
  • Remote locking facility
  • Advanced VPN and real-time malware protection

Bitdefender mobile security is one of the best antivirus protection applications available for Chromebook. They are stuffed with features and tools that help you to keep your device safe including autopilot feature which alerts you to run scans and the push alert option that checks for suspicious activities from any applications.

The notification option of Bitdefender is an advantage because no other software provides this facility. Notification tab helps you to scan your device on time. You can protect each application in your ChromeBook by setting up a PIN to avoid unauthorized access. But while you are using the system, they automatically let you in by detecting the home Wi-Fi network.

Malwarebytes

Why should you buy?

  • Perform regular audit for all the applications
  • Automatically schedules scans
  • User-friendly interface and features

When comparing with other antivirus softwares, Malwarebytes has the most eco-friendly design that suits your needs. They are easy to use softwares where you can perform scans with just a click. With Malwarebytes, you can perform scheduled scans such that you don’t have to worry about the adwares and spywares that are infecting your system. Malwarebytes mainly focuses on detecting and removing malwares. Unfortunately they don’t provide a VPN, device tracking option or password-protecting access for applications. But this isn’t a serious problem; we have other third party application that can provide you these facilities.

Norton Mobile Security

Why should you buy?

  • They scan applications and make sure they are safe before installing them.
  • Web scanners works along with the browser
  • Network analysis to prevent attacks
  • Regular report generation

Norton Mobile Security helps to keep your ChromeBook away from threats and data breaches. Norton owns the powerful virus scanner in the market and consists of included features which are moulded to keep away malicious codes and threats away from your device. When you are browsing a website, the active firewall scans for malware before allowing you to access them. The firewall works actively with any browser including Chrome and they do not affect the performance of the system.

Norton also scans for threats in your Wi-Fi connection. Another striking feature of Norton is its pre-installation app scanning. Before you download an application, Norton verifies that it is safe and informs you about the privacy permission the application takes you.

Avira free security

Why should you buy?

  • Provides advanced features free of cost
  • Consists of PIN protection for every applications
  • Provides VPN and system optimizer
  • App privacy facility

Avira is the best security software that can protect your Chromebook free of cost. Their virus scanning engine is equally efficient as of paid competitors. Even if they are available for free, they have made no compromise in quality and standards. Here you have to run the scans manually as there is no scheduled scan option and the software does not remind you to do scans.

While considering Avira features and tools they are more reactive rather than being proactive. With Avira you can customize the app privacy & permissions and scan your Wi-Fi network to check on the devices connected and to ensure safety.

Like other paid softwares, Avira offers real-time protection when you are using the internet and analyses every websites for malicious codes.

All the above mentioned softwares help to protect your Chromebook from malicious threats and cyber hackers.

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Uncategorized Whatsapp phishing

Whatsapp phishing attacks; Italian government banned two well-established companies

Phishing is the oldest and predominant type of cyber-attacks. The hacker sends malicious content through emails and text messages to the target. The target opens them unknowingly after which the whole system gets affected by the malware and lead to compromise. The success rates of phishing attacks is 50% because not everyone will open the link or attachment tagged with the content. But still these attacking techniques have taken down major organizations and led to financial crisis.

Recently, two of the companys working with the Italian government were draped by the public prosecutors, since they spread malware which infected millions of people through fake version of Whatsapp.

Since Whatsapp is a widely used media, there are many cyber threats rising against Whatsapp. There are even fake versions of different social media which are contaminated with malwares.

On February 2021, the prosecutors office in Naples released the order to block the surveillance services from SIO and Cy4gate. These companies were held responsible for spreading phishing malware through duplicate Whatsapp platforms. These malwares were also found to have the characteristics of spyware. When affected, it would pop a notification bar, which when tipped off would start the surveillance on the target’s device.

As allegations rose against their company, they formed a team to study their collaborations with their customers and whether any malware is being spread through clients.

These complaints were registered by the Italian government. So when these organizations were found to have a negative background, they were forced to dismiss their connection with the government as of pertinent law.

The cyber security officers in Italy mainly focus on evidences like wiretaps and spywares while investigating a cyber-attack. These records help them to find a way to reach the culprits. The major banned companies in Italy include Hacking Team, Negg, eSurv and now Cy4gate.

Whatsapp phishing

Nowadays mobile phones are used as an attacking agent to perform cyber-crimes, mainly phishing. As most of the advanced applications are available in mobile phones, the threat actors infect these applications to get access of the target’s mobile.

The Whatsapp phishing scams are increasing day by day. Instead of sending malicious attachments through emails, it’s now convenient for the hackers to send it through Whatsapp. Whatsapp has become an inevitable part of humans.

Since many email phishing attacks have been reported in the past, people have started to stay alert of suspicious emails. They are well equipped with threat detector softwares to protect their account. Due to this reason, the threat actors have turned to Whatsapp. Whatsapp is an easy way to reach multiple targets at a time.

It is easy for them to send links through Whatsapp, since there is no way to get doubted and also they will look legitimate. Till now Whatsapp has never released any feature to detect phishing links. So this is a golden opportunity for the cyber criminals and they are utilising it cunningly.

How can you detect a fake message in Whatsapp?

  • Frequently forwarded messages

Whatsapp has a feature that helps you to forward messages from one recipient to other. While doing so Whatsapp indicates them by showing an arrow mark on top of the message. If the post or link is forwarded more than 5 times, instead of single arrow indication, double arrow will appear. If it is found to be forwarded many times, there are chances that it is a scam.

  • Unrecognized number

When you receive message from strangers, check the authenticity of the sender. If you find anything suspicious about the message or the profile, ignore them. Do not open the attachment or link.

  • Scams and suspicious links

The motive of a threat actor is to make you open the malicious link which leads to the compromise of your personal information. These links can look genuine. Some of the major links of Whatsapp scams include:

  1. Whatsapp gold
  2. Whatsapp expiration
  3. Shopping vouchers.

How to safeguard?

  • Enable two step verification
  • Never respond to strange messages or open the attachments send by them.
  • Limit providing your personal information (like mobile number) in other social media platforms.
  • Always check the genuinity of a message before forwarding them.
  • Never join unnecessary groups.
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Insider threat; the black sheep around us!

SQL injection is a web security vulnerability that allows the attackers to interfere with the queries that an application makes to its databases. It allows the attacker to grab the data that cannot be retrieved further.

In many cases the attacker can delete the data permanently or make effective changes in them. Many high profile data breaches that occurred recently were due to SQL injection.

This attack can exist for a long time. When the attacker successfully injects malware into an organization’s system, it may take time to track it down or even may go unnoticed for an extended period.


SQL injection is one of the simple and ethical hacking techniques that need an application that uses a database. Generally a web application receives data from the users and stores in the database

or vice versa. In both these case, a query is generated. The cyber hacks manipulates this query to carry out malicious activities.

Once the hacker successfully manipulates the query, it is sent to the database, executed there and relevant results are returned.

Patterns of SQL injection attack

  • Retrieving hidden data

Here you can modify an SQL query to return additional results.

  • Subverting application logic

In this you can change a query to interfere with the application’s logic.

  • UNION attacks

Where you can retrieve data from different database tables.

  • Examining the database

Here you can extract information about the version and structure of the database.

  • Blind SQL injection

The results of a query you control are not returned in the application’s responses. SQL injection was considered one of the top 10 web application vulnerabilities of 2007 and 2010 by Open Web Application Security Project. In 2013 SQLI was rated the number one attack on the OWASP top ten.

Sub Classes of SQL injection

  • Classic SQLI
  • Blind or interference SQL injection
  • Database management system-specific SQLI
  • Compound SQLI

Types of SQL injections

SQL generally falls under three categories: In-band SQLI (classic), Inferential SQLI (Blind) and Out-of-band SQLI. This classification is based on the methods they used to access backend data and their damage potential.

In In-band SQLI the attacker uses the same channel of communication to launch their attacks and to gather their results. This is the most common type of SQLI attack. This is further divided into two, Error based SQLI and Union based SQLI.

In the case of Inferential SQLI the hacker sends payload malware to the server to observe the behaviour and structure of the response. Here the data is not transferred from the website database to the attacker, hence the attacker cannot see the information about the attack in-band.

Out-of-band SQLI can be carried out only when some features of the database server are enabled. Here the attacker can’t use the same channel to launch the attack and gather information or a server is too slow or unstable for these actions to be performed.

Consequences

  • Confidentiality: As these attacks holds sensitive data, loss of confidentiality is one of the major problem with SQLI.
  • Authentication: If poor SQL commands are used to check user names and passwords, it may be possible to connect to a system as another user with no previous knowledge of password.
  • Authorization: If authorization information is held on a SQL database, it may be possible to change this information through the successful exploitation of a SQL Injection vulnerability.
  • Integrity: Just as it may be possible to read sensitive information, it is also possible to make changes or even delete this information with a SQL injection attack.

  Stay Away from SQL injection attacks

  1. Stop using dynamic queries
  2. Integrate security checks (input validation)
  3. Provide parameterized database queries
  4. Use stored procedures
  5. Use the input validations of a whitelist
  6. Use captcha queries

Happenings

  • In February 2002, Jermiah Jacks discovered that Guess.com was vulnerable to an SQL injection attack, permitting anyone to construct a properly crafted URL to pull-down 200,00+ names, credit card numbers and expiration dates in the site’s customer database.

On March 29, 2006 a SQL injection attack was discovered in one of the tourism sites of Indian Government